Index de Enfermería
versión impresa ISSN 1132-1296
MARTIN MUNOZ, Begoña et al. The coping process in people who have a recently ostomy surgery. Index Enferm [online]. 2010, vol.19, n.2-3, pp.115-119. ISSN 1132-1296.
Aim: To explore the coping process in people who have a recently ostomy surgery. Methodology: A qualitative- phenomenological design was used. Participants were selected in an intentional way. The collection data was gathered through semi-structured interviews and participant observation during postoperative period of 21 persons with an ostomy. The analysis was performed using the method of Taylor-Bogdan. Results: A varied response was found with strategies aimed at mitigate negative emotions and solve problems. These strategies are recognized as essential to achieving patient autonomy and an adequate social and familiar adjusment. It were also identified factors which modulate coping as knowing ostomy patients, the experiences during the hospitalization, the preoperative information or the nurse-patient relationship. Conclusions: The results allow to individualize and to reorient care. The interventions must be focused on the aspects evaluated as the most difficult ones as the time coping is increased by upgrading adaptive attitudes and acting on the modulating factors of coping.
Palabras clave : Adaptation; Coping; Nursing care; Coping strategies; Ostomy; Ostomy patient.