Index de Enfermería
versión impresa ISSN 1132-1296
MONTILLA-PEREZ, Manuel; MENA-LOPEZ, Natalia y LOPEZ-DE-ANDRES, Ana. Effectiveness of systematic diabetes education in children diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus type 1 (DM1). Index Enferm [online]. 2012, vol.21, n.1-2, pp.18-22. ISSN 1132-1296. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1132-12962012000100005.
Objective: Evaluate the effectiveness of systematic diabetes education in children diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus type 1 (DM1), in Fuenlabrada University Hospital (Madrid). Methods: A comparative study of two sample groups of children aged 0 to 14 diagnosed with DM1, before and after having been inducted into the diabetes education program. 34 children, admitted with a DM1 diagnosis, both with and without ketoacidosis, and assigned to Fuenlabrada University Hospital were studied. To evaluate the effectiveness of the program, bivariable analysis was undertaken with the objective of finding relationships between systematic diabetes education and the variables. Those variables were; admission days, frequency of visits to the emergency ward due to complications, and permissions to go home and HbA1c at 3 to 6 months after discharge from the hospital. Results: The admission days was reduced 3 days (p< 0.001), the complications within the 6 month after discharge decreased 41,2% and the permissions to go home increased 23,6% (p=0.001). Conclusions: The results of the study suggest the effectiveness of systematic diabetes education.
Palabras clave : Diabetes Mellitus Type 1; Children; Diabetes Education; Specialist nurse.