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Index de Enfermería

versión impresa ISSN 1132-1296

Resumen

LARA JAQUE, Roxana Alejandra; LOPEZ ESPINOZA, Miguel Ángel; ESPINOZA LAVOZ, Elena del Carmen  y  PINTO SANTUBER, Cecilia. Instrumental activities of daily living of older people cared for at the Primary Health Care network in the commune of Chillan Viejo-Chile. Index Enferm [online]. 2012, vol.21, n.1-2, pp.23-27. ISSN 1132-1296.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1132-12962012000100006.

Justification. National and International statistics show that health teams will have to respond to the needs of caring for older people, considering the implication of the functional capacity as a variable of evaluation of their health condition. Objective. To determine those characteristics in older people that may influence their functional capacity, according to the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. Design. Quantitative, descriptive-correlational cross sectional study. Results. Out of 136 individuals studied (61% female) and an average age of 73,28 ± 6,77 years old, it was observed that the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living depend significantly on: literacy level (p=0,002), instruction level (p=0,024), community participation (p=0,007), nutritional status (p=0,028) and depression (p=0,018). Conclusion. Social, physical and mental factors relate to the functionality of older people. It is fundamental to create public policies to protect this group in the population, with a cross functional and systemic approach.

Palabras clave : Instrumental Activities of Daily Living; Older People; Primary Health Care; Literacy; Community Participation; Nutritional Status; Depression.

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