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Index de Enfermería

versión impresa ISSN 1132-1296


CRESPILLO DIAZ, Antonia Yolanda  y  MARTIN MUNOZ, Begoña. The ostomyzed patient's adaptation to social and family environment. Index Enferm [online]. 2012, vol.21, n.1-2, pp.43-47. ISSN 1132-1296.

Objective: Knowing how a person deals with and adapts to a colostomy along a two years period. Methods: Qualitative case study. The case shows a colostomyzed patient due to a rectal cancer. Data collected through semistructured interviews to the patient and a relative at two different moments: during hospitalization and two years later. The four interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed according to Taylor-Bogdan Method. Results: Confrontation strategies aimed at alleviate negative emotions by delegating the cares of the stoma to relatives are key during hospitalization. Two years later, there is a higher concern for practical questions and the patient can finally reach autonomy. The report shows the aspects leading to adaptation and the changes the ostomy brings about in the patient's life. Conclusions: Ostomyzed people require individualized care based on their biopsycosocial dimension.

Palabras clave : Adaptation; Confrontation; Ostomy; Social rehabilitation.

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