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Index de Enfermería

On-line version ISSN 1699-5988Print version ISSN 1132-1296

Abstract

AGUILERA ELIZARRARAZ, Norma Lilia; VEGA ARGOTE, Gloria; MONTANEZ FRAUSTO, Ma. Aurora  and  MONTESINOS TOSCANO, Laura. Risk of spontaneous preterm delivery and its relationship to stress and anxiety. Index Enferm [online]. 2014, vol.23, n.1-2, pp.21-25. ISSN 1699-5988.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1132-12962014000100005.

To determine the association of stress, anxiety and risk of spontaneous preterm delivery. Methodology: This study is correlational, longitudinal. The sampling was not probabilistic consecutive cases. 124 women pregnant were applied two different instruments in three different weeks 20-24, 30-34, 35-36. The first one to see the psychosocial status of the anxiety using instrument "The Spielberger State-Trait anxiety Inventory" (STAI), Cronbach's alpha 0.90. And the perceived stress with the "Perceived Stress Questionnaire" (PSQ) Cronbach's alpha > 0.70. Results: The incidence of spontaneous preterm delivery was 6.4 %, perceived stress did not increase the risk of spontaneous preterm delivery ( RR 1.01, confidence interval 95% [CI], 0.24 - 4.3 p < 0.05; Anxiety did not increase the risk of spontaneous preterm delivery ( RR 0.57, 95% [CI], 0.19-1.7 p <0.05). Conclusion: The perceived stress and anxiety did not increase the risk of spontaneous preterm delivery.

Keywords : Spontaneous preterm delivery; Stress; Anxiety.

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