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Index de Enfermería

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5988versión impresa ISSN 1132-1296

Resumen

HERNANDEZ-ZAMBRANO, Sandra Milena; PLAZA ANDRES, Araceli; AMEZCUA GONZALEZ, Ana  y  AMEZCUA, Manuel. FROM ABSTINENCE TO EDUCATION FOR CONSUMPTION: PSYCHO-EDUCATIONAL STRATEGIES TO REDUCE HAZARDOUS DRINKING AMONG ADOLESCENTS. Index Enferm [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.1-2, pp.28-32. ISSN 1699-5988.

Background:

the hazardous drinking in the adolescent stage is a public health problem with serious repercussions on the quality of life of this population and negative consequences for their physical, psychological and social health in a short-long-term that not only affects adolescents but also the people around them.

Aim:

to identify educational strategies and interventions with greater consensus among experts to reduce hazardous drinking on adolescents.

Method:

descriptive research based on consensus (Delphi Technique). Professionals from different socio disciplines participated.

Results:

145 items divided into three categories were obtained: more effective interventions to achieve low-risk alcohol consumption in adolescents (54 items); contents of an educational program aimed at adolescents for education in low-risk alcohol use (45 items) and more effective educational strategies to develop the contents of the program (46 items). 42.76% achieved a total consensus, 22.76% very acceptable, 31.03% acceptable and only 3.45% of the items no consensus was reached.

Conclusions:

to reduce hazardous drinking among adolescents, it is necessary to combine educational and psychosocial interventions on an integrated approach and multi-component-oriented development life skills and prosocial values and encourage the active participation of adolescents through an approach constructivist teaching.

Palabras clave : Alcohol Drinking; Adolescents; Risk Reduction Behavior; Health Education.

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