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Revista de la Asociación Española de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo

versión impresa ISSN 1132-6255

Resumen

HERRUZO CARO, Beatriz et al. Workplace health promotion. Healthy lifestyles and cardiovascular risk factors in healthcare workers in primary care. Rev Asoc Esp Espec Med Trab [online]. 2017, vol.26, n.1, pp.9-21. ISSN 1132-6255.

Introduction:

There are few studies concerning the healthy lifestyle of workers in the health field. This study analyzes the relationship between lifestyle and health of workers in the health field, determining their adherence to the Mediterranean diet (DM), degree of physical activity, prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF).

Methods:

Cross-sectional study of 262 workers (64 % female) of an Andalusian health district. Mediterranean adhesion was tested by the modified Trichopoulou questionnaire and physical activity by the Baecke questionnaire. We studied cardiovascular risk factors, the risk of MS (ATP III criteria modified 2005) and score adapted to Spanish population.

Results:

CVRF were worst in men but performed more physical activity. Women had greater adherence to DM. The prevalence of MS was 18.7 %, significantly higher (p = 0.001) in men (31.9 %) than females (12.1 %) and non-health professionals (35.3 %) than in health (16.7 %) (p < 0.05 ).

Conclusions:

The workers have a high degree of adherence to DM and performing physical activity with higher prevalence of MS in men. Logistic regression with independent variables not included in the definition criteria ATP III modified SM, indicates that they have a partnership with the SM, There is an increased risk of developing it based on the role profession, BMI, age and level of leukocytes.

Palabras clave : Metabolic syndrome; Healthcare workers; Mediterranean diet; Physical activity; Cardiovascular risk factors.

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