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Revista de la Asociación Española de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo

Print version ISSN 1132-6255


LOPEZ-GONZALEZ, Ángel Arturo et al. Influence of sociodemographic variables and healthy habits on the occurrence of metabolic syndrome in workers from different productive sectors of the Mediterranean area. Rev Asoc Esp Espec Med Trab [online]. 2017, vol.26, n.2, pp.100-109. ISSN 1132-6255.


To Introduction: There are many scales to determine cardiovascular risk between them the metabolic syndrome is one of the most important.

Material and method:

A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 60,798 workers (25,972 women and 34,826 men) in the Spanish Mediterranean area during the period covered between January 2011 and December 2012. The relationship between different sociodemographic variables and healthy habits is determined in the onset of metabolic syndrome with the NCEP ATPIII and IDF models.


The variables that influence the onset of the metabolic syndrome are age, sex, level of education, social class, smoking, non-physical activity and poor diet. The highest odds ratios with both models appear in workers who do not perform physical activity (OR 25.30 95% CI 18.86-33.94 for NCEP ATPIII and 16.31 95% CI 12.94-20.56 for IDF).


The majority of variables analyzed influence the presence or absence of metabolic syndrome in our study.

Keywords : Metabolic syndrome; sociodemographic variables; productive sectors.

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