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Revista de la Asociación Española de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo

versión impresa ISSN 1132-6255

Resumen

CALVO BONACHO, Eva et al. Clinical usefulness of a predictive model of cardiovascular risk among workers. Rev Asoc Esp Espec Med Trab [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.3, pp.133-140. ISSN 1132-6255.

Identification of subjects at high cardiovascular risk is a challenge among working population. The IberScore Project has calculated a predictive function for cardiovascular events from a cohort of 774,404 Spanish workers without prior cardiovascular diseases, and 10-year follow-up.

At follow-up, 3,762 first cardiovascular events were identified in the cohort of derivation (6‰; 90.7% men; mean age=46.9±9.19 years-old). In the group with events, it was observed a relevant presence of cardiovascular risk factors at baseline assessment (smoking 63.2%; dyslipidaemia 20.6%; hypertension 21.8%; diabetes 7.9%).

The results suggest the clinical usefulness of a system to predict cardiovascular risk among specifically developed in Spanish working population. Among such population a significant number of events take place and there is a relevant presence of risk factors, which may go unnoticed due to the weight that age has in the predictive systems developed for the general population.

Palabras clave : cardiovascular diseases; health promotion; primary prevention.

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