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Revista de la Asociación Española de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo

versão impressa ISSN 1132-6255

Resumo

LOPEZ-CAMONES, Juan J; ROJAS-MEZA, Lisbeth J  e  OSADA, Jorge. Frequency of occupational factors associated with astenopia in workers who use data visualization screens of companies in the construction sector in Huaraz, 2019. Rev Asoc Esp Espec Med Trab [online]. 2020, vol.29, n.2, pp.56-66.  Epub 19-Out-2020. ISSN 1132-6255.

Objective:

To determine the freequency of occupational faactors assoociated with asthenopia in users of data display screens (DDS) of companies in the construction sector of Huaraz, 2019

Methods:

Observational, cross-sectional, quantitative approach research. 234 DDS user workers were surveyed with 6 or more months in the current job position and more than 4 hours a day in front of the DDS. The Visual Computer Syndrome Questionnaire (CVS-Q) allowed to identify asthenopia. Chi Squaare Test, U Mann Whitney and prevalence ratio allowed us to identify the factors associated with asthenopia. The statistical package SPSS version 25, was used.

Results:

The average age was 35.8 years, 73.08% were male, 77.78% used ergonomic chair, 60.68% take short breaks, 35.47% and 86.75% worked with adequate lighting and distance to the PVD, respectively, and 14.53% presented asthenopia. The administrative job position (p <0.001), the taking of short breaks (p=0.023), the inadequate level of illumination of the work environment (p <0.001), the inadequate distance in front of the DDS (p <0.001), the extensive working time in the current area (p <0.001), the high number of daily hours in front of the DDS (p <0.001), age (p <0.001), feemale seex (p = 0.001) and myopia (p = 0.011) weere factors assoociated wiith asthenopia.

Conclusion:

Administrative workers, female, older, with longer working time and hours a day in front of the PVD, who work with inadequate lighting and distance in front of the PVD and have myopia are more likely to suffer asthenopia.

Palavras-chave : Occupational Health; asthenopia; Screen Time.

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