Revista de la Sociedad Española del Dolor
versión impresa ISSN 1134-8046
TORRE, F. et al. Health-related quality of life and coping strategies with regard to pain, in patients attended in a unit of pain. Rev. Soc. Esp. Dolor [online]. 2008, vol.15, n.2, pp.83-93. ISSN 1134-8046.
Introduction: The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines the quality of life (QOL) as a subjective evaluation of the characteristics of a person life, a composite variable referring to an individual's subjective overall satisfaction with life, a multidimensional construct primarily based on a person's subjective appraisal of their physical, functional, emotional and social well-being. Therefore health-related quality of life (HRQOL) refers to the extent to which one's usual or expected physical, emotional and social well-being are affected by a medical condition or its treatment. Objectives: Describe the different pathology of chronic no malign pain in patients who go for the first time to Unit of pain during 6 months and the treatment receive. Know the changes in health-related quality of life (HRQL), pain intensity, coping strategies and anxiety/depression after six months. Know the relation between HRQL, coping strategies, anxiety/depression and pain intensity in these patients. Know the changes in valúes which measures previous parameters in depending of diagnostic groups. Material and methods: This work is descriptive with measures repeated after 6 months about the population of patients that go to a Unit of pain Galdakao's Hospital during the second part of 2005. Several questionnaires are administrated about quality of life (SF-36), coping strategies (CAD-R), anxiety/depression (HAD) and intensity of pain (EVA). The questionnaire SF-36, CAD-R, HAD, and EVA were administered again and were collected the different treatment given by unit of pain. All proceedings were realized with the statistics packet SAS System v9.1, we assumed statistic signification with p< 0.05. Results and conclusions: The sample is composed of 119 patients, 93 completed the questionnaires, at the beginning and 6 months after, so we have 21.8% lost. In the SF-36 the improvement is significative in domains role physical, corporal pain, vitality, mental health and the standard physical component. In the HAD anxiety values, increase and depression values decrease in a no significative mode. Pain intensitivity is modérate, decreases in a no significative mode. Coping strategies more used are autoafirmation and the look for information, 6 months after, coping strategies active are more used. We can see the negative association between quality of life with anxiety and depression and pain intensitivity. The worst group responding to treatment by Unit of Pain is fibromyalgia patients.
Palabras clave : Quality of life; Coping strategies; Pain.