versión impresa ISSN 1134-928X
FUENTES I PUMAROLA, Concepció; BISBE COMPANY, Núria; GALVANY FERRER, Maria Àngels y GARANGOU LLENAS, Dolors. Assessment of risk factors and the types of surface for the development of pressure ulcers on critical ill patients. Gerokomos [online]. 2007, vol.18, n.2, pp.48-52. ISSN 1134-928X.
Objectives: To assess the risk factors and the types of surface for the development of pressure ulcers (PU) on critical ill patients in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Material and methods: Prospective study about the incidence of PU. Population: All patients on ICU with EMINA® of high risk, who stay 48 h. at least and don't have PU in the moment of admission. Information about demographic characteristics, gravity in the moment of admitting was recorded: SAPS II and APACHE III, diabetes, sepsis, mechanical ventilation, incidence and graduation of PU, and the type of support surface: alternate (AS) or static (SS). Conclusions: The risk factors associated with the development of PU on critical ill patients were the age, the average time in ICU and the type of support surface, being the reduction on incidence of PU with the alternate surfaces very important.
Palabras clave : Pressure sores; risk factors; incidence; EMINA score; critical care; support surfaces.