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Gerokomos

Print version ISSN 1134-928X

Abstract

ROMANO DURAN, Elisenda; RODRIGUEZ CAMARERO, Ginés Fco.  and  MARTINEZ-ESPARZA, Elvira Hernández. Incidence and characteristics falls in a hospital intermediate care of Barcelona. Gerokomos [online]. 2017, vol.28, n.2, pp.78-82. ISSN 1134-928X.

Objective:

To determine the incidence and characteristics of falls in the elderly admitted to the Intermediate Care Hospital Parc Sanitari Pere Virgili (PSPV).

Methodology:

descriptive and retrospective study.

Study subjects:

Patients over 65 years PSPV admitted to have been dropped in the first quarter of 2014. Data collection through a record of Middle Falls.

Results and discussion:

6.3% of hospitalized elderly have been dropped, 99 in total. No significant differences by gender, except in over 75 years is higher in women. Higher incidence of over 75 years; in the morning shift and afternoon; and the elderly with cardiovascular diseases. In the run up to the fall time they were mostly in standing, with disorientation and without accompaniment. 75% of those who fell were taking 3 or more medications risk. No injury almost 60% of falls.

Conclusions:

the profile of frail elderly entered PSPV could justify the higher incidence of falls compared to other studies in hospitals. The consequences are lower, there being injury most of them. Nursing interventions in HSPV be geared towards strengthening the prevention of falls in patients with cardiovascular disease and patients with polypharmacy and during the morning shift and afternoon and in those times when you do not have the family / caregiver support.

Keywords : old man; accidental falls; hospital of care intermediate; nurse.

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