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Gerokomos

Print version ISSN 1134-928X

Abstract

REAL LOPEZ, Luis  and  MIEMBROS DE LA SUBCOMISION DE HERIDAS DEL HOSPITAL UNIVERSITARIO DE BURGOS: et al. Pressure ulcers and moisture associated skin damage prevalence in the Burgos University Hospital. Gerokomos [online]. 2017, vol.28, n.2, pp.103-108. ISSN 1134-928X.

Aim:

Determine the prevalence of pressure ulcers (PU) and moisture associated skin damage (MASD) at Burgos University Hospital. Identify lesions and their characteristics. Identify the risk assessment surveys of PU recorded in the health record and the use of prevention devices. Identify nursing records related to PU and MASD.

Methods:

Transversal descriptive observational study, by direct observation of each patient and review of their health record. Conducted between February 23rd and March 10th, 2015.

Results:

The study population was 404 patients. 195 lesions were identified: 24 MASD and 171 PU. The resulting prevalences were 5.69% for MASD and 21.53% for PU. 93,56% of PU were stages I and II. The most common anatomic sites were: elbow (28,07%), heel (22,8%), ear (18,12%) and sacrum (11,11%). Using the Norton scale, PU risk was assessed in 164 patients (48.59%), with 46 patients (28.05%) exhibiting medium to high risk levels. 31 patients had additional prevention devices (7.67%), while 29 patients (7.17%) with identified risk had no device.

Conclusions:

The resulting prevalence of PU is high due to increased detection of mild stages. Conducting risk assessment of PU to all hospitalized patients is advised. Likewise it is pertinent to increase training in detection and prevention of the milder stages.

Keywords : pressure ulcers; moisture lesions; moisture associated skin damage; prevalence; observational research; acute care hospital.

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