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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


SEGURA NOGUERA, Josep María et al. Characteristics and Analysis of the Survival of Individuals Cared for under the Homecare Program in the Raval Nord Health Area in Barcelona, Spain: 1993-2002. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2003, vol.77, n.5, pp.581-594. ISSN 2173-9110.

Background: Longer life expectancy has led to a progressive aging of the population and to growing sociosanitary homecare. This study is aimed at describing the population of patients suffering from chronic diseases having been provided with homecare throughout the first ten years that homecare was available by a primary care team at an urban Healthcare Center, to study how often this type of care was used and to analyze the survival of those individuals having been provided with this care. Methods: A descriptive study. The subjects under study were 1,357 chronically-ill patients included from the very start of a homecare program (May 1994-December 2002). Firstly, a descriptive analysis was made the main characteristics of this population. Afterward, using Cox's proportional hazards model, the factors linked to survival were assessed, as well as having plotted the corresponding cumulative survival probability curves using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Predominant female population (68%), and an average age of 82 (DE: 11 years). Worth of special note were the lack of elevators (76%) and loneliness (18%). Eleven percent (11%) of the patients were totally dependent for all of their daily living activities, whilst approximately 20% revealed severe cognitive disorders. With regard to the homecare, the program target of 2-3 visits/patient/year for the medical staff and off 4-6 visits/patient/year for the nursing staff were surpassed. The flu vaccine injections were always above the 70% target, whilst the tetanus vaccine injections increased yearly. Conclusions: The population cared for under this program is characterized by being greatly aged, with a high death rate and requiring continuous homecare. During the ten years studied, most of the objectives previously set were achieved.

Keywords : Primary health care; Home care services; Survival analisys.

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