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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


TUESCA-MOLINA, Rafael et al. Social Groups with Factor Protective to Depression in Elderly: Barranquilla, Colombia. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2003, vol.77, n.5, pp.595-604. ISSN 2173-9110.

Background: The depression is a principal problem of public health. The principal aim of this study is to determine the role of the social groups as factor protective in elderly, to evaluate the agreement by American Psychiatric Association Criterions and Hamilton Depression test, and also to determine other socio-cultural risk factors associated with depressive syndrome in elderly. Method: Cross-sectional survey. The sample consisted of 602 elderly people (eligible subjects) were men (223) and women (379) between 60 and 94 years (males and females), residents in the south-west of Barranquilla, Colombia. A presviously tested, self answer questionnaire was used, therefore, we needed a report consent. Riks measures: Odds Ratio (OR- 95% Confidence intervalue), Kappa test to agreement by the nine criteria of the American Psychiatric Association and Hamilton test so, screening testing Results: The participation in social groups was a protector factor. (Odds Ratio = 0.5; 95% CI 0.34-0.73, p=0,001). The rate 29.9% was obtained with prevalence of depression in elderly (21.4%-39.47%) affecting principally males (32.7%). The agreement by Kappa test=0.63 was very important or good. Sensibility=56.1% (48.5%-63.4%) Specifycity=0.93% (97.8%-99,8%) and Predictive Positive Value = 97.1% (91.2%-99.3%). Conclusions: This survey was to determine riks factors related to depression in elderly in anyway can be potencialy modifiable. The familiar disfuntion by moderate and serious, the lack as blindness and deafness, the loneliness, the housingness and low incomes were obtained with riks factors associated to depression. The participation in a social group is a protective factor to depression syndrome in elders. The nine criteria of the American Psychiatric Association to allow the depressed patient exactly as sick eventhough is not necessary to screening because this test is low sensibility for used in a population elderly.

Keywords : Social groups; Depression; Mass screening; Risk factors; Aged.

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