Revista Española de Salud Pública
versión impresa ISSN 1135-5727
PEREZ-CIORDIA, Ignacio et al. Profile of the Emergency Demand and Influence of Televised Soccer Games on an Extrahospital Center in the Tafalla Healthcare District. Navarre, Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2003, vol.77, n.6, pp.735-747. ISSN 1135-5727.
Background: The demand placed on both hospital as well as extrahospital emergency care units currently continues to increase at a growing rate. This study has a twofold objective: the quantification and study of the personal characteristics of the users who are demanding emergency care and assessing whether televised soccer games have any bearing on the utilization of emergency care services. Methods: A longitudinal descriptive study (9,723 users demanding care) and study of cases and controls (1,284 users demanding care) according to whether or not a soccer game was being televised by means of a logistic regression model. The associations were quantified by means of the odds ratio (OR). Those dealt with by telephone or in infirmaries were not included in the study. Results: A total 10.6% of the demand involved home visits, 4.8% of this total having been sent to hospital. A total 13.3% of the demand corresponds to individuals visiting from other healthcare districts, a total of 65 being overusers of emergency care (8 or more visits). The month of August (32.3%), Sundays (44.56%) and the 12:00 p.m.-2:00 p.m. timeframe (8.38%) are the times when the greatest demand for care occurs, the differences being statistically significant. Televised soccer games were associated to a 19.8% (p< 0.001) rise in demand as compared to the control period. Conclusions: A high degree of use of the extrahospital emergency care units has been found to exist, a major part of the demand being concentrated at highly specific points in time. A major degree of care is provided to those visiting from outside their own healthcare districts. Television soccer game broadcasts is associated with the greater utilization of the emergency care services.
Palabras clave : Primary health care; Emergency medical services; Health services needs and demand; Football.