SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.78 issue1Accidents Involving Exposure to HIV-Contaminated Biological Material among Workers at a Third-Level Hospital in Madrid (1986-2001)Age, Health Beliefs and Breast Cancer Screening Program Participation in Valencian Community, Spain author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


GRANADOS COSME, José Arturo; ORTIZ HERNANDEZ, Luis  and  GARDUNO ANDRADE, María de los Angeles. Job Segregation and Gender: Characterization of the Psychiatric Morbility Recorded at a Hospital in Mexico City (1993-1995). Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2004, vol.78, n.1, pp.53-63. ISSN 2173-9110.

Background: Different studies have documented that the differential distribution of the health-illness process depends upon economic, political and cultural factors. For the purpose of identifying and explaining the relationship between gender as related to occupation and psychiatric morbility, an analysis is made of the distribution of the statistics for these disorders for one population of mental patients. Methods: Documentary research was conducted throughout the 1993-1995 period, during which the clinical records of those patients who had been admitted for the first time to a psychiatric hospital in Mexico City over a three-year period were reviewed, obtaining the main socioeconomic and diagnosis-related data. A second stage consisted of the statistical analysis in which the relationship among the gender, occupation and diagnosis variables was measured. Results: A total of 1,084 individuals with some mental disorder were recorded, statistically significant differences having been found between men and women with regard to their occupation and to the specific mental disorder with which they were diagnosed, especially as far as depression and drug use-related disorders were concerned. Conclusions: The gender and occupation-related segregation due to said gender are social processes involved in the differential distribution of mental disorders, this being a relationship which is revealed in specific patterns of detriment to the mental health of the males and females who were cared for at this hospital.

Keywords : Occupational health; Gender; Depression; Alcoholism.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License