Revista Española de Salud Pública
versión impresa ISSN 1135-5727
PERALTA PEREZ, Mariana; GALVEZ GONZALEZ, Ana M. y GONZALEZ OCHOA, Edilberto. Costs Estimation of Tuberculosis Cases Detection: La Habana Vieja Municipality, Cuba. 2002. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2007, vol.81, n.2, pp.201-209. ISSN 1135-5727.
Background: The Cuban Tuberculosis Control Program has been able to significantly reduce the tuberculosis cases incidence in all its forms. La Habana Vieja municipality has maintained the highest incidence in Havana City province during 5 years and one of the highest in the country. Objetive: To estimate the cost of Tuberculosis cases detection in Habana Vieja municipality, in the year 2002. Methods: A descriptive retrospective study to estimate the costs with social perspective was carried out. The costs of cases detection and their departures in health facilities were considered. For patients with cough/expectoration =14 days (RS+14) the pocket expense and monetary losses for labour absences were considered. Costs were expressed in equivalent Cuban pesos to American dollars (1 CUC = 1 USD). Information from official records in health institutions and from interviews to workers and RS+14 was obtained. Results: Social cost of tuberculosis cases detection for an RS+14 was in average 24,11 CUC, and institutional cost was 12,55; for clinical investigation 0.37; for sputum smear microscopy 2,25; for culture 7,05; for thorax X-ray 1,67; for notification 3,07; and for registering 0,36. Conclusions: The biggest costs were observed in sputum smear microscopies and cultures performance; salaries and reagents were the issues contributing more in that cost. The results obtained in this study could be extrapolated to other municipalities in the country with social and economic conditions similar to La Habana Vieja.
Palabras clave : Tuberculosis; Economic evaluation; Cost; Program; Cases detection.