Revista Española de Salud Pública
versión impresa ISSN 1135-5727
BOLIVAR MUNOZ, Julia; DAPONTE CODINA, Antonio; LOPEZ CRUZ, Laura y MATEO RODRIGUEZ, Inmaculada. Influence of Individual Characteristics and Working Conditions in the Level of Injury Accident at Work by Registered in Andalusia, Spain, in 2003. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2009, vol.83, n.6, pp.847-861. ISSN 1135-5727.
Background. The study of the severity of occupational injuries is very important for the establishment of prevention plans. The aim of this paper is to analyze the distribution of occupational injuries by a) individual factors b) work place characteristics and c) working conditions and to analyze the severity of occupational injuries by this characteristics in men and women in Andalusia. Methods. Injury data came from the accident registry of the Ministry of Labor and social issues in 2003. Dependent variable: the severity of the injury: slight, serious, very serious and fatal; the independent variables: the characteristics of the worker, company data, and the accident itself. Bivariate and multivariate analysis were done to estimate the probability of serious, very serious and fatal injury, related to other variables, through odds ratio (OR), and using a 95% confidence interval (CI 95%). Results. The 82,4% of the records were men and 17,6% were women, of whom the 78,1% are unskilled manual workers, compared to 44,9% of men. The men belonging to class I have a higher probability of more severe lesions (OR = 1,67, 95% CI = 1,17 - 2,38). Conclusions. The severity of the injury is associated with sex, age and type of injury. In men it is also related with the professional situation, the place where the accident happened, an unusual job, the size and the characteristics of the company and the social class, and in women with the sector.
Palabras clave : Occupational Accidents; Occupational Health; Workplace; Working conditions; Social class.