Revista Española de Salud Pública
versión impresa ISSN 1135-5727
AYUSO GUTIERREZ, Mercedes; POZO RUBIO, Raúl del y ESCRIBANO SOTOS, Francisco. Socio-demographic and Health Factors associated with the Institutionalization of Dependent People. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2010, vol.84, n.6, pp.789-798. ISSN 1135-5727.
Background: The analysis of the effect that different variables have in the probability that dependent people are institutionalized is a topic scantily studied in Spain. The aim of the work is to analyze as certain socio-demographic and health factors can influence probability of dependent person living in a residence. Methods: A cross-section study has been conducted from a representative sample of the dependent population in Cuenca (Spain) in February, 2009. We have obtained information for people with level II and III of dependence. A binary logit regression model has been estimated to identify those factors related to the institutionalization of dependent people. Results: People with ages between 65-74 years old are six times more likely to be institutionalized than younger people (<65 years old); this probability increases sixteen times for those individuals with ages equal or higher than 95 years. The probability of institutionalization of people who live in an urban area is three times the probability of people who live in a rural area. People who need pharmacological, psychotherapy or rehabilitation treatments have between two and four times more probability of being institutionalized that those who do not need those. Conclusions: Age, marital status, place of residence, cardiovascular and musculoskeletal diseases and four times of medical treatment are the principal variables associated with the institutionalization of dependent people.
Palabras clave : Disabled persons; Long term care; Institutionalization.