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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


MARQUEZ-CALDERON, Soledad; RUIZ-RAMOS, Miguel; JUAREZ, Sol  and  LIBRERO LOPEZ, Julián. Caesarean Delivery in Andalusia, Spain: Relationship with Social, Clinical and Health Services Factors (2007-2009). Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2011, vol.85, n.2, pp.205-215. ISSN 2173-9110.

Background: Increasing trend and geographical variations in the use of caesarean section suggest the influence of non-clinical factors. The objective was to describe the use of caesarean section in the Andalusian region in Spain by exploring the role of social, clinical, and health services variables. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using vital statistics. It involves all births occurred in Andalusia during the period of 2007-2009. The dependent variable was the use of caesarean section and the set of covariates were classified into three groups: those with a clinical meaning, those related to the health services organization, and those with a social significance. Multivariate logistic regressions were used. Results: In the data set of 293,558 births, the prevalence of caesarean delivery was 24.8%. The multivariate analysis highlights the labour complications as the clinical variable with the highest odds ratio (OR=19.36). Regarding the health services variables, the odds of experiencing a caesarean delivery were 55% higher on weekdays than on weekends. Cádiz was the province with the highest OR for caesarean section (comparison between Cádiz and Almería: OR=1,21) where the ratio between births in public and private hospitals was 3.7. The frequency of caesarean section was 34% higher in women with third level education than those with no education. Conclusions: Labour complication is the most influential variable for caesarean section. Caesarean birth rate is above the accepted standards for all social classes and increases with educational level. Inter-provincial differences reflect different patterns with regard to the use of private medicine.

Keywords : Cesarean section; Health care quality, access and evaluation; Health social inequalities.

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