Revista Española de Salud Pública
versión impresa ISSN 1135-5727
CABANAS-SANCHEZ, Verónica; TEJERO-GONZALEZ, Carlos Mª y VEIGA, Oscar L.. Construction and Validation of a Short Scale of Perception of Barriers for the Physical Activity in Adolescents. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2012, vol.86, n.4, pp.435-443. ISSN 1135-5727.
Background: One of the main problems of health in the first world is the increase of physical inactivity. In this respect, adolescence has been identified as a critic period with high decline of physical activity. Therefore, a relevant line of research is the understanding of this social phenomenon. The aim of this study was to design a scale to assess perceived barriers to physical activity on adolescents. Methods: A convenience sample of 160 Spanish adolescents (84 girls), between 12 and 18 years old, was recruited for this study. Firstly, there were designed 40 items whose pertinence was evaluated through content validation by experts. Later, the participants were divided in two randomized groups, and Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were performed to define a short scale of 12 items. Cronbach Alfa Coefficent was used to evaluate internal consistence of the instrument. Results: The scale reports four dimensions: incompatibility barriers (2 items), self-concept barriers (4 items), amotivation barriers (4 items) and social barriers (2 items). The scale showed enough construct validity (χ2=60.78; d.f.=48; p=0.100; GFI=0.88; CFI=0.94; RMSEA=0.58) and high internal reliability (α=0.80). Moreover, the scale was able to explain 67% of the data variance. Conclusions: The Short Scale of Perceived Barriers to Physical Activity in Adolescents is a valid and reliable instrument.
Palabras clave : Adolescent; Physical activity; Questionnaire; Factor analysis.