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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727

Abstract

ALCARAZ QUEVEDO, Manuela et al. Immigrants Women Care in a Health Intercultural Mediation Program. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2014, vol.88, n.2, pp.301-310. ISSN 2173-9110.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1135-57272014000200012.

Background: Intercultural Mediation is a strategy for quality health care aimed at reducing inequalities in immigrant population. The aim is to analyse main reasons consultation with the mediation service, women care profile and characteristics of intervention. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 339 episodes of care by two intercultural mediators (MI) from February 2008 to October 2011 in Valencia. Variables were analysed individual records of the consultations of the MI: reasons for referral to MI and professionals who refer, motives and problems identified by MI, kind of intervention, kind of derivation of MI and socio-economic variables. To evaluate the differences between countries, X2 test was used for qualitative variables and one-way ANOVA test for quantitative variables. Results: 123 women (36,3%), were referred to the MI by the Sexual and Reproductive Health Centre and 98 (28,9%) by the midwife. 272 women (80,24%) were referred for information and demand for contraception. The MI conducted health education and detected social problems in 67 women (19,7%) and gender violence in 38 (11,21%). Conclusions: The women attending were Latin American immigrants (those of Bolivia showed more vulnerability) and were referred for contraception. The MI provided information, education and facilitated access to reproductive health services.Bolivian women showed more vulnerability factors: irregular situation, precarious work and low residence time.

Keywords : Health Promotion; Immigration; Cultural competency; Battered women; Risk Factors; Primary care.

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