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Revista Española de Salud Pública

versión On-line ISSN 2173-9110versión impresa ISSN 1135-5727

Resumen

ANDANI CERVERA, Joaquín et al. Serological survey of measles, rubella and mumps immunity among pediatric and residents physicians. Valencia, Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2014, vol.88, n.5, pp.653-659. ISSN 2173-9110.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1135-57272014000500009.

Background: Health workers are exposed to vaccine-preventable diseases. Therefore, vaccination programs are essential for preventing sanitary environment-acquired infections and avoiding additional damage to patients. The objectives were to estimate the prevalence of antibodies against measles, rubella and mumps among physicians of the Clinical Area of Children Diseases of the La Fe University Hospital (Valencia) and to study its relationship with history of disease, vaccination and professional status. Methods: Observational, cross-sectional and analytical study. All subjects underwent a serological test for detection of specific antibodies against measles, rubella and mumps. Some of them also completed a questionnaire about the history of disease and vaccination. A descriptive and relation analysis was performed to each disease. Results: 97 physicians participated in the study. 75 participants (77,3%) had positive serology to measles, 85 (87,6%) to rubella and 68 (70,1%) to mumps. The logistic regression model showed a significant effect of age (OR 1,22) in the prevalence of antibodies against measles and a significant effect of sex (OR 5,16) in the prevalence of antibodies against rubella. Conclusion: Given the high prevalence of seronegative young physicians and taking into account their professional activity, vaccination in this group would be recommended. Therefore it would be desirable to design strategies to achieve the accession of physicians to the vaccination program.

Palabras clave : Pediatrics; Measles; Rubella; Mumps; Seroepidemiological studies; Immunity.

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