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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727

Abstract

MALMUSI, Davide  and  ORTIZ-BARREDA, Gaby. Health inequalities in immigrant populations in Spain: a scoping review. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2014, vol.88, n.6, pp.687-701. ISSN 2173-9110.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1135-57272014000600003.

Background: Health differences between immigrants and natives should be analyzed from an equity perspective due to socioeconomic inequality between them. The aim of this study is to Know the influence of social determinants of health in the immigrant population in Spain and/or inequalities compared with the Spanish population. Methods: SA scoping review of the literature published in the period 1998-2012 was performed. The literature search was conducted on Medline and MEDES-MEDicina databases. All studies that include the participation of immigrant population from areas such as Latin America, Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe and performed in Spain were selected. Results: A 27 articles were included. Most of the studies were published in the year 2009 (n=11). Twelve used population health surveys at national (n=6) and autonomous (n = 6) level. A total of 23 studies focused on adult population over 15 years. The most frequently studied indicators were self-rated health (n=9) and mental health (n=7). Conclusion: The immigrant population is exposed to lower socioeconomic status than natives and, despite a lower prevalence of chronic diseases, it appears to experience more mental health problems and worse self-rated health, especially in women and with longer stay.

Keywords : Social determinants of health; Health Status Disparities; Emigrants and Immigrants; Spain.

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