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Revista Española de Salud Pública

versión On-line ISSN 2173-9110versión impresa ISSN 1135-5727

Resumen

ECHEVARRIA, Juan Emilio; FERNANDEZ GARCIA, Aurora  y  ORY, Fernando de. Microbiological Surveillance of Measles and Rubella in Spain: laboratory Network. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2015, vol.89, n.4, pp.381-391. ISSN 2173-9110.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1135-57272015000400006.

The Laboratory is a fundamental component on the surveillance of measles and rubella. Cases need to be properly confirmed to ensure an accurate estimation of the incidence. Strains should be genetically characterized to know the transmission pattern of these viruses and frequently, outbreaks and transmission chains can be totally discriminated only after that. Finally, the susceptibility of the population is estimated on the basis of sero-prevalence surveys. Detection of specific IgM response is the base of the laboratory diagnosis of these diseases. It should be completed with genomic detection by RT-PCR to reach an optimal efficiency, especially when sampling is performed early in the course of the disease. Genotyping is performed by genomic sequencing according to reference protocols of the WHO. Laboratory surveillance of measles and rubella in Spain is organized as a net of regional laboratories with different capabilities. The National Center of Microbiology as National Reference Laboratory (NRL), supports regional laboratories ensuring the availability of all required techniques in the whole country and watching for the quality of the results. The NRL is currently working in the implementation of new molecular techniques based on the analysis of genomic hypervariable regions for the strain characterization at sub-genotypic levels and use them in the surveillance.

Palabras clave : Measles; Rubella; Diagnosis; Molecular epidemiology; Public Health Surveillance.

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