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Revista Española de Salud Pública

versão On-line ISSN 2173-9110versão impressa ISSN 1135-5727

Resumo

ORZANCO-GARRALDA, Mª Rosario et al. Influence of Urbanistic Characteristics in the Level of Physical Activity in People Aged 18 to 65 of the Metropolitan Area Pamplona, Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2016, vol.90, e30002.  Epub 23-Maio-2016. ISSN 2173-9110.

Background:

A suitable environment can encourage the practice of physical activity, being an easy option for the population, for this reason the main objective was to determine the influence of the urban environmental characteristics relate with the physical activity on adult people living on the Pamplona Area.

Methods:

Cross-sectional study based on the International Physical Activity and the Environment Network (IPEN Adult). Participants were selected in random and stratified from the Basic areas of health attached to resident's population in the Pamplona area, aged ranged between 18-65years old. A self-administered questionnaire was used, including a complete version of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale scale, to evaluate the perception of the urban environmental factors. In addition, the extended version of International Physical Activity Questionnaire for the physical activity data collection was employed. Chi2 test was calculated and a multi variable analysis using non-conditional logistic regression.

Results:

The representative sample was composed of 905 subjects, [54,70% female]. The perception of having footpaths near to their place of resident or workplace was greater in the group that practice moderated physical activity OR: 3,86 [CI95% 1.70-8.74] and greater total physical activity (the summary of vigorous, moderated physical activity and walking) (OR: 2,61 [CI95% 1.24-5.45]). The people perception of having many places for walk in the neighborhood was associated with major habit of taking a walk (OR: 1,26 [IC95% 1.01-1.58]. Having sport spaces close to the workplace or place of resident was associated with major practice of vigorous physical s activity, OR: 1,46 [CI95% 1.01-2.12].

Conclusions:

There is association between the most active participants and the urban environmental factors such as the trails or sport facilities.

Palavras-chave : Physical activity; Environment design; Adults; Logistic Regression.

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