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Revista Española de Salud Pública

versão On-line ISSN 2173-9110versão impressa ISSN 1135-5727

Resumo

MONROY-PARADA, Doris Xiomara et al. Vending machines of food and beverages and nutritional profile of their products at schools in Madrid, Spain, 2014-2015. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2016, vol.90, e30004.  Epub 09-Jun-2016. ISSN 2173-9110.

Background:

Policies restricting access to sugary drinks and unhealthy foods in the school environment are associated with healthier consumption patterns. In 2010, Spain approved a Consensus Document regarding Food at Schools with nutritional criteria to improve the nutritional profile of foods and drinks served at schools. The objective of this study was to describe the frequency of food and drink vending machines at secondary schools in Madrid, the products offered at them and their nutritional profile.

Methods:

Cross-sectional study of a random sample of 330 secondary schools in Madrid in 2014-2015. The characteristics of the schools and the existence of vending machines were recorded through the internet and by telephone interview. The products offered in a representative sample of 6 vending machines were identified by in situ inspection, and its nutritional composition was taken from its labeling. Finally, the nutritional profile of each product was analyzed with the United Kingdom profile model, which classifies products as healthy and less healthy.

Results:

The prevalence of vending machines was 17.3%. Among the products offered, 80.5% were less healthy food and drinks (high in energy, fat or sugar and poor in nutrients) and 10.5% were healthy products.

Conclusion:

Vending machines are common at secondary schools in Madrid. Most products at vending machines are less healthy.

Palavras-chave : Childhood obesity; Food vending machines; Secondary school. Dietary guidelines; Nutritive value; Diet; high-fat. Spain.

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