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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


ESPALLARGUES, Mireia et al. Development of a Conceptual Framework for the Assessment of Chronic Care in the Spanish National Health System. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2016, vol.90, e20003.  Epub July 07, 2016. ISSN 2173-9110.

The aim was to develop a conceptual framework for the assessment of new healthcare initiatives on chronic diseases within the Spanish National Health System.

A comprehensive literature review between 2002 and 2013, including systematic reviews, meta-analysis, and reports with evaluation frameworks and/or assessment of initiatives was carried out; integrated care initiatives established in Catalonia were studied and described; and semistructured interviews with key stakeholders were performed. The scope and conceptual framework were defined by using the brainstorming approach.

Of 910 abstracts identified, a total of 116 studies were included. They referred to several conceptual frameworks and/or assessment indicators at a national and international level. An overall of 24 established chronic care initiatives were identified (9 integrated care initiatives); 10 in-depth interviews were carried out. The proposed conceptual framework envisages: 1)the target population according to complexity levels; 2)an evaluation approach of the structure, processes, and outcomes considering the health status achieved, the recovery process and the maintenance of health; and 3)the dimensions or attributes to be assessed.

The proposed conceptual framework will be helpful develop indicators and implement them with a community-based and result-oriented approach and a territorial or population-based perspective within the Spanish Health System. This will be essential to know which are the most effective strategies, what are the key elements that determine greater success and what are the groups of patients who can most benefit.

Keywords : Delivery of Health Care; Delivery of Health Care Integrated; Quality of Health Care; Outcome Researchs; Chronic Disease; Cardiovascular Diseases; Diabetes Mellitus; COPD; Consensus; Outcome Assessment (Health Care); Patient Outcome Assessment; Spain.

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