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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727

Abstract

MARTINEZ PEREZ, José Antonio; VASQUEZ MARIN, Carlos Eduardo  and  RODRIGUEZ ZAPATA, Manuel. Prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in a Rural Area of Guadalajara, Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2016, vol.90, e40002.  Epub Feb 05, 2016. ISSN 2173-9110.

Background:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a global health problem due its elevated prevalence, high morbimortality, and substantial socioeconomic cost. In Spain its prevalence varies considerably among the different geographical areas studied. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of COPD in a rural area health and its stratification according different risk factors.

Methods:

A cross-sectional, observational study was perfomed in Yunquera de Henares (Guadalajara, Spain) in the year 2014. A questionnaire on sociodemographic, consumption tobacco age and profession was used to a randomized, stratified sample in different stages. The sample was proportional in age, sex and population centers. A total of 749 persons were included. Data were analyzed using descriptive, analytical, and multivariant statistical procedures and logistical regression.

Results:

The prevalence of COPD was 15.8% (CI 95%: 13.2-18.4) and was statistically significantly higher in elderly (64.6±11 years vs 58.9±11,7 years); males (83.2%; CI95%: 85.9-80.5), smokers (40.3%, CI95%: 43.8-36.8) and people with primary education (66.4% ; CI95%: 69.7-63). People with COPD had higher BMI (28.2%; IC95%: 29.5-26.9). People working in the field was 28.6% (IC95%: 20,5-36,7%).

Conclusions:

High prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease was found. Occupational exposure may be an important factor in rural areas.

Keywords : Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive; Prevalence; Risk factors; Rural population; Primary Health Care; Environmental Pollution; Agrochemicals; Tobacco.

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