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Revista Española de Salud Pública

versão On-line ISSN 2173-9110versão impressa ISSN 1135-5727

Resumo

JIMENEZ-PUENTE, Alberto; MAANON-DI LEO, José Claudio  e  LARA-BLANQUER, Antonio. Breast Reconstruction Post-Mastectomy in the Public Health System of Andalusia, Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2016, vol.90, e40011.  Epub 09-Maio-2016. ISSN 2173-9110.

Background:

Breast reconstruction (BR) after mastectomy is widely recommended but there are significant variations in its application. The objective was to know the rate of BR in the Andalusian Public Health System (APHS), timing (immediate or delayed), surgical procedure, frecuency of postoperative complications and their characteristics.

Methods:

We used the Minimum Basic Data Set of the APHS with personal data and identification of hospitals encrypted. We selected discharges for breast cancer and mastectomy in 2010-2013 and related readmissions of the same patients in 2010-2014. BR rates were calculated according to patient age and type of mastectomy. Timing of BR (immediate or delayed) and surgical techniques used were described. Postoperative complications were analyzed in the initial episode and in readmissions occurring within a minimum period of 2 years. BR failures were specifically studied.

Results:

We analyzed the information of 6,026 women, of which 4,412 met the inclusion criteria (basically, two years follow-up). The BR rate was 29% (22% immediate and 7% delayed) and reached 58% in women younger than 46 years. BR was performed by 27 of the 36 hospitals that practice mastectomies. Global percentage of postoperative complications was 18.6% for immediate BR, 12.1% for delayed BR and 7.9% for patients without BR. Failure occurred in 12.7% of immediate BR and 7.2% of delayed BR.

Conclusions:

In the Andalusian Public Health System the Breast reconstruction rate, is at a similar level to that reported nationally and in other countries.

Palavras-chave : Breast cancer; Breast reconstruction; Postoperative complications; Breast prosthesis implantation; Surgical flaps; Utilization review; Outcome Assessment (Health Care); Woman Health Services..

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