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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


CANADAS-DE LA FUENTE, Guillermo Arturo et al. Burnout in Nursing Professionals Performing Overtime Workdays in Emergency and Critical Care Departments. Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2016, vol.90, e40015.  Epub Sep 14, 2016. ISSN 2173-9110.


Burnout syndrome is a disorder that seriously affects people who suffer it, the institutions in which they work and the quality of healthcare. It is of great interest to advance in burnout research for its possible prevention. The aim of this work was to study the levels of burnout syndrome in nurses of emergency department with overtime workdays and to know the relationship between burnout and personality characteristics.


Multicenter cross-sectional study with a sample of 1225 emergency nurses from the Andalusian Health Service. Demographic, social and occupational variables were recorded. Burnout was assessed with Maslach Burnout Inventory and personality factors with NEO-Five Factor Inventory. Descriptive analysis of the variables, independent means hypothesis contrast and bayesian analysis were done.


44.1% of nurses who perform overtime workdays had high burnout versus a 38% for those without such overload. These differences have been also found in burnout dimensions, especially in emotional exhaustion (15.3% versus 10.8%) and depersonalization (17.9% versus 11.8%).


Overtime workdays performed by emergency nurses seems to have a negative on them and it could also influence the development of burnout syndrome.

Keywords : Burnout; proffesional; Emergencies; Emergency nursing; Nursing; Occupational heatlh; Personality; Shift work; Work hours.

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