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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727

Abstract

BARON CANO, Natalia; MOSQUERA GORDILLO, Miguel Armando  and  BALLESTER ANON, Rosa. Colonial Medicine and Health Campaigns Against Malaria Through the Specialized Journalism in Spain (1929-1954). Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2016, vol.90, e50002.  Epub July 14, 2016. ISSN 2173-9110.

Background:

Malaria was one of the most important public health problems of the Colonial Medicine and, for this reason, the subject was reflected in the Spanish medical journalism. The aim of the paper was to reconstruct the Spanish contributions to international health during the first half of the twentieth century.

Methods:

The primary sources of information on malaria were the medical journals Medicina de los Países Cálidos and Medicina Colonial, between 1929 and 1954. The documents were classified according to the sections of the magazine and its contents were studied, framing them in the history of international public health.

Results:

In primary sources were found 466 documents. Malaria was one of the major diseases of the Spanish Protectorate in Morocco and Spanish Guinea, favoured by the occupation of the Spanish army. Antimalaria campaigns included strategies such as the use of Dichloro-diphenyl¬trichloroethane, preventive education and massive quininización. Malariology in the specialized journalism, experienced a growing boom. The most outstanding authors in magazines analyzed were Gustavo Pittaluga, Sadí de Buen, Eliseo de Buen and Juan Gil-Collado.

Conclusions:

The Spanish specialized journalism provides the importance e interaction- in antimalaria campaigns in Spain and Spanish African colonies- of scientific, professional, political and military factors. The colonial situation was negative and marked differences between metropolis and colonies in terms of the effort, efficiency and the different temporal sequence of the measures undertaken.

Keywords : Malaria; Colonialism; Health Promotion; Spain; Morocco; Equatorial Guinea; History; 20th Century; Plasmodium falciparum; Periodicals as Topic.

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