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Revista Española de Salud Pública

versão On-line ISSN 2173-9110versão impressa ISSN 1135-5727


VERA-REMARTINEZ, Enrique J. et al. Cardiovascular risk factors in young adults of a penitentiary center. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2018, vol.92, e201807037.  Epub 06-Jul-2018. ISSN 2173-9110.


The quantification of the cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in a population of young adults, allows to identify their vulnerabilities and contributes to focus on prevention strategies in a group more susceptible of changing their behavior and establishing healthier daily habits. The objectives of this work were to describe the main CVRF and estimate the risk through different models.


Observational, descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study. All of the population of the centre of both genders, who were admitted and their age span from 18 to 35 as of the 15 September 2017, are included. Sociodemographic, anthropometric and clinical variables were gathered. A descriptive and a gender comparative analysis took place using classical statistical techniques and binary logistic regression analysis. It was determined that cardiovascular risk using Framingham’s equation, REGICOR, SCORE, DORICA, and Q-RISK 2017 version. All of the patients who participated gave their authorizations and consent. The project was approved by a Committee of Ethics in Clinical Research.


The targeted population were 211 young adults, 6 members could not be contacted so the study held had a population of 205: 170 men (82.9%) and 35 women (17.1%). The average age is 29.9 (IC 95%: 29.3-30.5). The mean stay is 13.3 months. CVRF underlines: genetics 46.3%, sedentariness 38.0%; familiar backgrounds 17.6%; Triglyceridemic 16.6%; obesity 13.2%. Others: psychological 79.5%, eating disorders 72.2%, cocaine consumption 58.0%. Cardiovascular risk by Framingham: low 85.9%, light 12.9%, moderate 1.2%. DORICA: low 87.6%, light 11.8%, moderate 0.6%. REGICOR: low 98.8%, light 1.2%.


The identified risk factors were high toxic consumption, influence of sedentary lifestyle and psychological and alimentary factors.

Palavras-chave : Risk factors; Cardiovascular diseases; Young adult; Primary prevention; Health promotion; Life style; Prisons; Spain.

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