SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.94Desarrollo y evaluación de material educativo dirigido a prevención de caídas en mujeres embarazadasCuidando con sentido: la atención de lo espiritual en la práctica clínica desde la perspectiva del profesional índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Não possue artigos similaresSimilares em SciELO
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google


Revista Española de Salud Pública

versão On-line ISSN 2173-9110versão impressa ISSN 1135-5727


GONZALEZ-DIAZ, Acéysele et al. Acute poisoning by chemical products: analysis of the first 15 years of the Spanish Toxic Surveillance System (SETv). Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2020, vol.94, 202001007.  Epub 02-Nov-2020. ISSN 2173-9110.


There are few epidemiological studies on acute poisonings from pesticides, industrials and household products in Spain. The objective of this work is to describe the epidemiological and clinical profile of acute poisonings by chemical products in our country, and analyze their annual evolution.


The Spanish Toxicovigilance System (SETv) is a prospective registry that includes 32 Emergency Departments and Intensive Care Units in Spain. An observational descriptive study of acute poisoning by chemical agents (excluding pharmacological products and illicit drugs) was carried out, within 1999-2014. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square or exact Fisher’s tests. Non-parametric continuous variables were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test. P-value less than 0.05 were considered significant.


The 10,548 cases studied had a mean age of 38.41 (±22.07) years, being significantly higher in women (p=0.0001). 67.7% of the poisonings occurred at home, and the most frequent routes of exposure were respiratory (48.3%), digestive (35.3%) and ocular (13.1%). The most frequent toxic groups were toxic gases (31%), caustics (25.6%) and irritant gases (12.1%). Of the patients that required treatment (76.2%), antidotes were used in 27.2%. 20.6% of the patients were admitted at Hospital, with a median stay of 32 (±151.94) days, with significant differences for pesticides and solvents (p=0.02). Sequelae were presented at discharge in 2.1% of patients. Mortality was 1.4% (146 patients) with a mean age of 62.08 years (±19.58) (p=0.0001).


The reduction of chemical poisonings should be prevented in the domestic environment, taking into account the sources of exposure to carbon monoxide and the handling of household cleaning products, both causic liquids and the generation of irritating gases when mixed .

Palavras-chave : Epidemiological monitoring; Poisoning; Household products; Gas poisoning; Corrosives.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )