Cuadernos de Medicina Forense
versión impresa ISSN 1135-7606
MANZANERO, A.L. y RECIO, M.. Memories for traumatic events: accuracy, types and characteristics. Cuad. med. forense [online]. 2012, vol.18, n.1, pp.19-25. ISSN 1135-7606. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1135-76062012000100003.
The study of memory for trauma has generated considerable controversy. Its importance stems from its involvement in the understanding of memory processes, and for its importance in forensic contexts. The aim of this study was to analyze the factors that help explain the controversy surrounding memories for trauma. To do this the definition of trauma and the factors that can determine the memory were analyzed. Also, the accuracy of memories for trauma was analyzed. The explanation of memory for trauma is depending on the concept of trauma. If trauma is defined by its psychological effects, then studies support that memories for trauma are different from other autobiographical memories. If trauma is defined by the characteristics of its cause, then studies support that memory for trauma are different from other memories. Regardless of focus, factors that influence the recall should be considered. Stress level, intensity of emotion, and degree of involvement are the most important. The effect of these factors affects the ability to deploy strategies to face the trauma, and it is important to understand the differences in the accuracy and accessibility of memories.
Palabras clave : Autobiographical memory; Trauma; Emotion; Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.