Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
versión impresa ISSN 1137-6627
BALEN, E. et al. The role of laparoscopy in emergency abdominal surgery. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2005, vol.28, suppl.3, pp.81-92. ISSN 1137-6627.
Abdominal emergencies can also be operated on through the laparoscopic approach: the approach can be diagnostic laparoscopy, surgery assisted by laparoscopy or laparotomy directed according to the findings of the laparoscopy. The general contraindications refer above all to the state of haemodynamic instability of the patient and to seriously ill patients (ASA IV). In the absence of any specific counter-indications for the specific laparoscopic procedure to be carried out, many abdominal diseases requiring emergency surgery can be performed with the laparoscopic approach. The most frequent indications are appendicitis, acute colecistitis, gastroduodenal perforation, occlusion of the small intestine, and some abdominal traumas. With a correct selection of patients and the appropriate experience of the surgeon, the results are excellent and better than open surgery (less infection of the wound, complications, hospital stay and postoperative pain). A detailed explanation is given of the basic aspects of the surgical technique in the most frequent procedures of emergency laparoscopy.
Palabras clave : Assisted laparoscopy; Perforation; Appendicitis; Intestinal obstruction; Abdominal trauma.