Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
versión impresa ISSN 1137-6627
MONTES, R. et al. Genetic predisposition to bleeding during treatment oral anticoagulants treatment. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2008, vol.31, n.3, pp.247-257. ISSN 1137-6627.
The degree of anticoagulation obtained during oral anticoagulation therapy with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) varies among patients due to individual and environmental factors. The rate of anticoagulation influences the hemorrhagic risk. Therefore, it is plausible that patients specially sensitive to oral anticoagulants are at higher hemorrhagicc risk, specially during the first weeks. The role of a series of polymorphisms of the enzymes involved in the metabolism of VKA or in the vitamin K cycle are reviewed. Three polymorphisms, two in the cytochrome P450 2C9 and one in the VKORC1 enzyme, are responsible for a high portion of the variability observed in the sensitivity to AVK. Although the available literature suggests that these genetic variants could increase the risk of severe hemorrhage, larger, well designed studies are needed to confirm this notion.
Palabras clave : Oral anticoagulants; Vitamin K; Hemorrhage; Cytochrome P450 2C9; VKORC1.