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Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra

versión impresa ISSN 1137-6627


PELLEJERO, S.; LOZARES, S.  y  MANERU, F.. Description of latest generation equipment in external radiotherapy. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2009, vol.32, suppl.2, pp.13-20. ISSN 1137-6627.

Both the planning systems and the form of administering radiotherapy have changed radically since the introduction of 3D planning. At present treatment planning based on computerised axial tomography (CAT) images is standard practice in radiotherapy services. In recent years lineal accelerators for medical use have incorporated technology capable of administering intensity modulated radiation beams (IMRT). With this mode distributions of conformed doses are generated that adjust to the three dimensional form of the white volume, providing appropriate coverage and a lower dose to nearby risk organs. The use of IMRT is rapidly spreading amongst radiotherapy centres throughout the world. This growing use of IMRT has focused attention on the need for greater control of the geometric uncertainties in positioning the patient and control of internal movements. To this end, both flat and volumetric image systems have been incorporated into the treatment equipment, making image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) possible. This article offers a brief description of the latest advances included in the planning and administration of radiotherapy treatment.

Palabras clave : Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT); Tomotherapy; Cyberknife; Inverse planning; Image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT).

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