Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
versión impresa ISSN 1137-6627
GURTUBAY, I.G.. Cognitive evoked potentials: Perspectives for mismatch negativity. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2009, vol.32, suppl.3, pp.61-68. ISSN 1137-6627.
The techniques of cognitive evoked potentials are considered long and technically complex, which is why their use in clinical practice is not very widespread in spite of their potential utility. Recent advances in registering and analysis, together with improvement of the software managing these signals, have appreciably reduced these problems. Mismatch negativity stands out as the most promising of all the cognitive potentials due to its special characteristics regarding its generation requisites and its proven clinical utility. The fact that it can be generated without care requirements makes it especially useful for evaluating subjects with a low level of consciousness; it serves for predicting when they will emerge from a coma, amongst other uses. The incorporation of this technique into the arsenal of neurophysiological techniques for evaluating the state of these subjects will bring a substantial improvement in the evaluation of cases whose management in clinical practice is extremely complex.
Palabras clave : Cognitive potential; Coma outcome; Mismatch negativity; MMN; Vegetative state.