Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
versión impresa ISSN 1137-6627
ALONSO, G. y ESCUDERO, J. M.. The emergency department short stay unit and the hospital at home as alternatives to standard inpatient hospitalisation. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2010, vol.33, suppl.1, pp.97-106. ISSN 1137-6627.
The emergency short stay unit (ESSU) is a support unit for the accident and emergency services and a clear alternative to the conventional hospitalisation of patients needing urgent care, who are affected by the re-aggravation of certain chronic diseases (whether seasonal o not) or by moderate short-evolution pathologies. Hospitalisation at home is one alternative making it possible to undertake the care and treatment characteristic of a hospital in the home of the patient, with greater comfort and intimacy. The origin of the patient might be the conventional hospital, the emergency service or ESSU. A suitable selection of patients is essential in both alternatives to conventional hospitalisation, using strict criteria that are both clinical and socio-family in nature. Their correct use assures a significant saving in stays in conventional hospital units, a reduction of the average stay in hospital medical and surgical services and less pressure on the accident and emergency service, since they increase the availability of beds both for programmed admission and for urgent admission in conventional hospitalisation and thus improve patient outflow in the accident and emergency service.
Palabras clave : Short stay unit; Emergency room; Hospital management; Hospital at home; Alternative hospitalisation.