Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
versión impresa ISSN 1137-6627
PRIETO, M.A. et al. Patients' opinions and expectations about the dialysis care process. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.1, pp.21-31. ISSN 1137-6627.
Background. To determine the experiences and needs of patients on dialysis, in order to identify critical points of the care process and develop proposals for improvement. Methods. Qualitative study using semistructured interviews with 22 patients on hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, from the Andalusian Health Service. Discourse analysis, using the SERVQUAL model. Triangulation of results. Results. The diagnostic stage is described as the hardest moment as it requires acceptance of the disease. During hemodialysis, we see both positive adaptation and the perception of a diminished quality of life. The technique of peritoneal dialysis is evaluated positively, enabling greater independence, despite requiring more responsibility for self care. The contact with patients'organizations or the provision of a counseling service are valued as an aid in the process. With respect to different dimensions of the SERVQUAL model, human treatment and professional competence are valued. The critical points are lack of coordination, malfunctioning of transportation and lack of transparency in the management of waiting lists. Shortcomings in dealing with informal caregivers and the level of knowledge of professionals from areas other than Nephrology, also appear as deficiencies. Conclusions. The main proposals for improving the dialysis process are: attention to psychosocial aspects, the improvement of organizational aspects such as transport, and greater attention to informal caregivers.
Palabras clave : Dialysis; Patients; Health Services.