Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Print version ISSN 1137-6627
GOMEZ MARTINEZ, S.; BALLESTER ARNAL, R. and GIL JULIA, B.. The short version of Critical Care Family Needs Inventory (CCFNI): adaptation and validation for a Spanish sample. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.3, pp.349-361. ISSN 1137-6627. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1137-66272011000300002.
Relatives play an important role in the disease process of patients admitted to Intensive Care Units (ICU). It is therefore important to know the needs of people close to the patient in order to try to improve their adaption to a situation as difficult as an ICU admission. The aim of this study was the adaptation and validation of the short version of the Critical Care Family Needs Inventory (CCFNI) for a Spanish sample. The inventory was applied to 55 relatives of patients admitted to the ICU of the Hospital General de Castellón. After the removal of three items for different reasons, we performed an Exploratory Factor Analysis with the 11 remaining items to determine the factor structure of the questionnaire. We also made a descriptive analysis of the items, and internal consistency and construct validity were calculated through Cronbach´s alfa and Pearson correlation coefficient respectively. The results of the principal components factor analysis using varimax rotation indicated a four-factor solution. These four factors corresponded to: medical attention to the patient, personal attention to the relatives, communication between the family and the doctor, and perceived improvements in the Unit. The short version of CCFNI showed good internal consistency for both the total scale and factors. The results suggest that the CCFNI is a suitable measure for assessing the different needs presented by the relatives of patients admitted to an Intensive Care Unit, showing adequate psychometric properties.
Keywords : Questionnaire; Critical care; Family needs; Psychometric properties.