Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
versión impresa ISSN 1137-6627
MIRA, J.J. et al. Patients informing of adverse events: Results in diabetes and kidney disease. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2012, vol.35, n.1, pp.19-28. ISSN 1137-6627. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1137-66272012000100003.
Background. Diabetes and kidney disease are risk factors for adverse events (AE). There are no other studies on the perception of risk in these patients. This study analyzes the frequency of adverse event triggers reported by diabetic and renal patients and their perception of the risk. Material and methods. Descriptive study based on interviews with randomly selected patients. Field study conducted between February and May 2010 in three health centers and two hospitals in Alicante and Madrid. Results. A total of 199 patients answered, 98 diabetic patients and 101 renal patients. Renal patients accumulated more AE triggers (21.8% referred to an AE trigger, 17.8% two AE triggers and 3% referred to > 3 AE triggers) than diabetic patients (16.3% referred to one AE trigger, 7.1% to two AE triggers and 7.1% referred to > 3 AE triggers). During the last year 6/98 diabetic patients and 10/101 renal patients required additional treatment due to a clinical error. The probability of the patient being the victim of a clinical error with serious consequences was 1:10. Women with renal illness believed themselves to have a greater probability of suffering an error (Chi2=12.7, p=0.002). Errors were attributed to a lack of time to attend to all patients and a lack of means and resources, without statistically significant differences between the subsamples. Interviewed patients considered that the risks of suffering a traffic accident or robbery were similar to the risk of an error with serious consequences. Conclusion. Information provided by patients can help improve safety procedures.
Palabras clave : Safety; Diabetes complications; Kidney diseases; Perception.