Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
versão impressa ISSN 1137-6627
GARCIA-SANZ, M. T.; PENA-ALVAREZ, C. e GONZALEZ-BARCALA, F. J.. Pulmonary thromboembolism: clinical suspicion required. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2012, vol.35, n.1, pp.115-120. ISSN 1137-6627. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1137-66272012000100010.
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major health problem, with an annual incidence of 1-2 per 1,000 person-years. One in three patients with symptomatic VTE presents pulmonary embolism (PE), which is often underdiagnosed due to variable and nonspecific clinical presentation. Knowing the signs and symptoms of VTE can reduce delays in diagnosis, and thus VTE-related morbidity and mortality as well. Nevertheless, PE can present a wide clinical spectrum, ranging from being asymptomatic to shock or hemodynamic instability, which is why PE suspicion should not be limited to those patients with typical presentation. Therefore, this diagnostic possibility should not only be considered for patients with acute symptoms, but also for those with persistent respiratory symptoms.
Palavras-chave : Pulmonary embolism; Differential diagnosis; Clinical syndromes; Common symptoms; Delayed diagnosis.