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Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra

Print version ISSN 1137-6627

Abstract

MIRANDA ARTO, P. et al. Acute poisoning in patients over 65 years of age. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2014, vol.37, n.1, pp.99-108. ISSN 1137-6627.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1137-66272014000100011.

Background. There are few Spanish studies on acute poisoning in the elderly despite the associated risk factors of this group of patients. Material and methods. Retrospective descriptive study of acute poisonings treated in the Emergency Service of the University Hospital of Zaragoza from 1995 to 2009 on patients 65 years old or older Results. A total of 762 patients were selected in the study (4.74% of all acute poisonings) with a mean age of 74.16 (SD ± 6) years. Ingestion was the major route of exposure (85%) and alcohol overdose (28,7%) was the most frequent type of poisoning. A trend was also observed showing a lower emetic treatment and gastric lavage and an increase in activated charcoal. Benzodiazepines (14.3%) and toxic household products (11%) with caustic properties were also the main toxics found in the study. Conclusions. Acute poisonings in the elderly required more hospitalizations, have a higher mortality and more autolytic attempts which result in death.

Keywords : Poisoning; Elderly; Emergency service.

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