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Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra

versión impresa ISSN 1137-6627

Resumen

CAPO-JUAN, M.Á.. Cervical myofascial pain syndrome: narrative review of physiotherapeutic treatment. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2015, vol.38, n.1, pp.105-115. ISSN 1137-6627.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1137-66272015000100011.

Pain is a complex and multifactorial phenomenon that depends on the interaction of biopsychosocial factors. Between 15-25% of adults suffer from chronic pain at some point in their lives. Cervical chronic pain is considered a public health problem affecting 9.6% men and 21.9% women, according to the latest National Health Survey 2011-12. A high percentage of medical consultations due to muscle pain turn out to be myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). Its existence implies the presence of myofascial trigger points which can be latent or active throughout the whole population. The aim of this review is to update knowledge in the various therapies applied by the physiotherapist in the treatment of this syndrome at cervical level. From the review it appears that some of the most used techniques that may be useful in the short or medium term are: ischemic compression and/or trigger point pressure release and dry needling. Furthermore, various combinations of treatment modalities are used to treat this syndrome, taking other aspects into account, such as education.

Palabras clave : Neck pain; Myofascial trigger point; Myofascial pain syndrome; Physiotherapy; Diagnosis.

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