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Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra

versión impresa ISSN 1137-6627

Resumen

SANCHEZ MAYO, B.; RODRIGUEZ-MANSILLA, J.  y  GONZALEZ SANCHEZ, B.. Recovery from total knee arthroplasty through continuous passive motion. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2015, vol.38, n.2, pp.297-310. ISSN 1137-6627.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1137-66272015000200014.

The purpose of this study was to know the effects of continuous passive mobilization in patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty. A search strategy was developed to retrieve all clinical trials, written in English and/or Spanish, published in the electronic search databases PubMed, Cochrane Library Plus, Dialnet, CSIC and PEDro. The inclusion criteria were: clinical trials published from January 2000 until November 2014 in English or Spanish. Out of 537 clinical trials that were potentially relevant, a total of 12 were included in this review. The evaluation of 1,153 patients shows that there is no significant difference in improving the range of the joint, pain, balance, motion, healing and hospital stay using continuous passive mobilization against the regular physiotherapy treatment for total knee arthroplasty. The application of continuous passive mobilization in the long-term does not provide any benefit in terms of the breadth of the range of the joint, pain and improvement of standing and motion in comparison with conventional postoperative physiotherapy treatment in total knee arthroplasty. In the short term an improvement is obtained in the range of joint motion in knee flexion.

Palabras clave : Continuous passive motion; Arthroplasty; Gonarthrosis; Rehabilitation.

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