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Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra

versión impresa ISSN 1137-6627

Resumen

SAINZ DE LOS TERREROS ERREA, A et al. Evaluation of a follow-up program for diabetes after hospital discharge. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2019, vol.42, n.3, pp.261-268.  Epub 20-Abr-2020. ISSN 1137-6627.  http://dx.doi.org/10.23938/assn.0721.

Background

Given the higher rate of hospital admissions among diabetic patients, discharge should be used to optimize outpatient treatment. We evaluate a follow-up program for diabetic patients after hospital discharge to determine the evolution of glycemic control.

Method

Retrospective collection of data on 375 diabetic patients enrolled in the follow-up program for optimization treatment: telephonic follow-up where treatment was adjusted if needed; and three months after discharge an in-person consultation was scheduled. Factors potentially associated with a 1% improvement in HbA1c were studied by multivariate logistic regression.

Results

Seventy-three percent of enrolled patients completed the follow-up program; each patient received an average of 4.6 phone calls. Globally, basal mean HbA1c was significantly lower three months later regarding the initial value (8.6 vs. 7.2%); the most relevant lowering was found in the group of hyper-glycemia by poor metabolic control (from 9.9 to 7.7%), combined hyperglycemia (from 9.3 to 7.3%) and debut (from 8.3 to 6.4%). Twenty percent of patients reported capillary hypoglycemia, with two severe events. A shorter duration of diabetes, absence of corticotherapy and absence of hypoglycemia during the follow-up period were independent predictors for a 1% reduction in three-months HbA1c.

Conclusion

In patients whose treatment is changed on hospital discharge, a program allowing frequent treatment adjustment would improve HbA1c levels. These results could help to organize health resources more rationally.

Palabras clave : Type 2 diabetes; Transitional care; Follow-up; Telemedicine; HbA1c.

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